Higher Education System
The higher education institutions are of two types: universities and colleges (non-university higher education institutions). Studies are organised in three cycles: bachelor studies (in universities) or professional bachelor studies (in colleges), post-graduate studies and doctoral studies. Full-time and part-time studies are available. College studies (non-university higher education) are oriented towards training for professional activities. The duration of full-time studies in colleges is usually three years and for part-time studies – four years. Practical training covers at least one third of the study programme. Graduates are awarded with a professional bachelor degree. Students with practical experience can complete additional studies (the duration of which is set by each higher education institution) to continue post-graduate studies in universities. College studies are offered by public and private colleges.
University studies provide a universal academic education, theoretical training and the highest level of professional excellence. The form of university studies can be continuous, for example, in medicine the first and the second cycles are connected. The duration of full-time studies in universities is four years and for part-time studies it is often five years. Graduates are awarded with a bachelor degree. They can continue their studies in post-graduate studies that last one and a half to 2 years. Those who want to dedicate themselves to academic activities after post-graduate studies can study for a doctoral degree (the duration of studies is four years). University studies are offered by universities, academies and seminaries. 22 colleges (including 10 independent) and 21 universities (including 8 independent) offer study programmes in Lithuania.